Food/Hunger

 

-------- EXODUS 16:16-20 ----------------------------------------------------- Translation Original 16 This is what the LORD has commanded, "Gather of it every person as much as they should eat; you shall take an omer a piece according to the number of persons each of you has in your tent." 17 The children of Israel did so, and some gathered much and some little. 18 When they measured it with an omer, one who had gathered much had no excess, and one who had gathered little had no lack; every person gathered as much as they should eat. 19 Moses said to them, "Let no person leave any of it until morning." 20 But they did not listen to Moses, and some left part of it until morning, and it bred worms and became foul; and Moses was angry with them. [translation by www.kingjbible.com] ׃ 16 זֶה הַדָּבָר אֲשֶׁר צִוָּה יְהוָה לִקְטוּ מִמֶּנּוּ אִישׁ לְפִי אָכְלֹו עֹמֶר לַגֻּלְגֹּלֶת מִסְפַּר נַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶם אִישׁ לַאֲשֶׁר בְּאָהֳלֹו תִּקָּחוּ׃ 17 וַיַּעֲשׂוּ־כֵן בְּנֵי יִשְׂרָאֵל וַיִּלְקְטוּ הַמַּרְבֶּה וְהַמַּמְעִיט׃ 18 וַיָּמֹדּוּ בָעֹמֶר וְלֹא הֶעְדִּיף הַמַּרְבֶּה וְהַמַּמְעִיט לֹא הֶחְסִיר אִישׁ לְפִי־אָכְלֹו לָקָטוּ׃ 19 וַיֹּאמֶר מֹשֶׁה אֲלֵהֶם אִישׁ אַל־יֹותֵר מִמֶּנּוּ עַד־בֹּקֶר׃ 20 וְלֹא־שָׁמְעוּ אֶל־מֹשֶׁה וַיֹּותִרוּ אֲנָשִׁים מִמֶּנּוּ עַד־בֹּקֶר וַיָּרֻם תֹּולָעִים וַיִּבְאַשׁ וַיִּקְצֹף עֲלֵהֶם מֹשֶׁה׃ 1. Why did Moses instruct the Israelites not to keep the food overnight? Why did some disobey him? Were their concerns legitimate? 2. Are the same legitimate concerns at play with wasteful approaches to food storage today? Are there other less legitimate forces at play? 3. How can we apply the message in this text to our current consumption of food?


-------- LEVITICUS 19:9-10 --------------------------------------------------- Translation Original When you reap the harvest of your land, you shall not reap all the way to the corners of your field, or gather the gleanings of your harvest. You shall not pick your vineyard bare, or gather the fallen fruit of your vineyard; you shall leave them for the poor and the stranger: I am Adonai your God. [JPS translation [1]] בְקֻצְרְכֶם אֶת קְצִיר אַרְצְכֶם לֹא תְכַלֶּה פְּאַת שָׂדְךָ לִקְצֹר וְלֶקֶט קְצִירְךָ לֹא תְלַקֵּט: וְכַרְמְךָ לֹא תְעוֹלֵל וּפֶרֶט כַּרְמְךָ לֹא תְלַקֵּט לֶעָנִי וְלַגֵּר תַּעֲזֹב אֹתָם אֲנִי ה' אֱלֹהֵיכֶם: 1. How is the system of leaving the corners and the gleanings and the fallen food for the poor different than donating food? 2. What practices or values from these laws could we integrate into our modern lives and societies? [1] http://www.jewishpub.org/product.php?id=140


-------- DEUTERONOMY 24:19-22 ------------------------------------------------ Translation Original When you reap the harvest in your field and overlook a sheaf in the field, do not turn back to get it; it shall go to the stranger, the orphan, and the widow -- in order that Adonai your God may bless you in all your undertakings. When you beat down the fruit of your olive trees, do not go over them again; that shall go to the stranger, the orphan, and the widow. When you gather the grapes of your vineyard, do not pick it over again; that shall go to the stranger, the orphan, and the widow. Always remember that you were a slave in the land of Egypt; therefore do I enjoin you to observe this commandment. [JPS translation [1] edited for gender-neutrality] כִּי תִקְצֹר קְצִירְךָ בְשָׂדֶךָ וְשָׁכַחְתָּ עֹמֶר בַּשָּׂדֶה לֹא תָשׁוּב לְקַחְתּוֹ לַגֵּר לַיָּתוֹם וְלָאַלְמָנָה יִהְיֶה לְמַעַן יְבָרֶכְךָ ה' אֱלֹהֶיךָ בְּכֹל מַעֲשֵׂה יָדֶיךָ: כִּי תַחְבֹּט זֵיתְךָ לֹא תְפַאֵר אַחֲרֶיךָ לַגֵּר לַיָּתוֹם וְלָאַלְמָנָה יִהְיֶה: כִּי תִבְצֹר כַּרְמְךָ לֹא תְעוֹלֵל אַחֲרֶיךָ לַגֵּר לַיָּתוֹם וְלָאַלְמָנָה יִהְיֶה: וְזָכַרְתָּ כִּי עֶבֶד הָיִיתָ בְּאֶרֶץ מִצְרָיִם עַל כֵּן אָנֹכִי מְצַוְּךָ לַעֲשׂוֹת אֶת הַדָּבָר הַזֶּה: 1. What does this text command us to do? Why does this commandment end with God's reminder to us that we were slaves in the land of Egypt? 2. Now that most of us do not live in agricultural settings, how can we apply these laws to our own gathering of resources? [1] http://www.jewishpub.org/product.php?id=140


-------- PROVERBS 25:21 ------------------------------------------------------ Translation Original If your enemy is hungry, give him bread to eat; If she is thirsty, give her water to drink. [JPS translation edited for gender neutrality] אִם רָעֵב שֹׂנַאֲךָ הַאֲכִלֵהוּ לָחֶם וְאִם צָמֵא הַשְׁקֵהוּ מָיִם: 1. Why should we help our enemies? 2. Are there ever instances when we should disregard this verse? 3. What is the significance of "bread and water?" (as opposed to generic "food and drink")